What Went Wrong With Vatican II: The Catholic Crisis Explained
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Here, for instance, is the often sensible John L Allen, writing in the National [ In light of this, we can expect that the public debate about religious freedom will also continue into the new year both inside [ Young Catholics are spurning religious life. According to the Official Catholic Directory, there were only 1, seminarians studying for American religious orders in My earliest recollections of anything pertaining to faith are not of words or instruction, but of primal sensory experiences of holy things within the built environment. From long before I learned how to read, and probably not so long after I learned how to walk, I recall momentary mental glimpses of the simple state of [ Crisis Magazine is a project of Sophia Institute Press.
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Vatican II Archives - Vatican Files
Vatican II. Silvey The Church recognizes marriage, the priesthood, religious life, and the single lay life as definite states of life. Chaput, O. Silvey This year marks the fiftieth anniversary of the close of the Second Vatican Council January 29, Retrieving Apologetics by Glenn B.
- What Went Wrong with Vatican II? by Ralph McInerny.
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- What Went Wrong With Vatican II: The Catholic Crisis Explained.
Siniscalchi A number of Catholics, including theologians, think that the Church should not engage in apologetics. Trabbic This year, , marks fifty years since the close of the Second Vatican Council. Justin Hannegan Young Catholics are spurning religious life. November 14, Seeing Saints in the House of God by Michael Tamara My earliest recollections of anything pertaining to faith are not of words or instruction, but of primal sensory experiences of holy things within the built environment.
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The modus of the realist philosopher and theologian, in contrast, is to weigh assertions against reality , for it is reality which is the measure of truth. Is He not also the Author of reality? The truth of the teachings of the Council Fathers—each and every one of them—should be manifest in any objective study. There were five of them: four of the five, the four over whose content it had exercised little influence, offended an influential body of bishops with a liberal bent, predominantly German, French and Dutch. The rules approved by the Pope required a two-thirds majority vote by the Council Fathers against the acceptance of a preparatory schema.
The cadre then put pressure on the Pope who overrode the law he had promulgated, ruling that the four preparatory schemas in question should be abandoned. The Council Fathers often conducted themselves like squabbling children rather than adults. The lack of charity exemplified there ought to have moved Pope John to bring the Council proceedings to a halt, if temporarily, to remind the Fathers of their obligations, and to impose himself.
But he did not. Not to will is to will not : the toleration of inappropriate behaviour grants it permission.
And, indeed, the Pope had acknowledged the abandonment of the exercise of discipline as a principle in his Opening Address—. She considers that she meets the needs of the present day by demonstrating the validity of her teaching rather than by condemnations. Like his predecessor, Paul VI failed adequately to discipline the Council Fathers or to impose himself.
It was not charity at work among them, but ambition. No matter how vigorous or adversarial the process of debate may have been, no matter what breaches of charity, or rank injustices, may have been committed in the course of its conduct, the end result had to reflect Catholic truth because of the guarantee of the Holy Spirit. Nor is it necessary. We will confine ourselves to the issue that has caused the greatest concern, the Declaration on Religious Liberty.
The statement of principle in Dignitatis Humanae contradicts this infallible teaching explicitly. Now the Catholic Church does not contradict herself. It is impossible, therefore, that Dignitatis Humanae could constitute valid teaching of the Church. It follows that the claim that all of the teachings of the Second Vatican Council are guaranteed by the Holy Spirit is false. It would be impossible to find at any earlier time a claim that theologians had the professional task of appraising and assessing magisterial teachings of accepting or rejecting them.
Now it was as if, when the Pope spoke, the theologians first scrutinized what he had said to see whether it was acceptable to them or not. He is wrong. Indeed, in Dignitatis Humanae it achieved a victory never afterwards replicated, even with Humanae Vitae. This triumph provided, at the doctrinal level, the precedent for the rebellion that was precipitated with Humanae Vitae, and has continued ever since. And with justice!
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That the dissent to Humanae Vitae had its origins in Vatican II may be seen, too, from another analysis. The matter of the dissent was the agitation by various members of the Catholic faithful: the form which made the agitation rebellious was a resurgent evil which had long afflicted the Church, and to which excessive attention was given by the Council Fathers, Protestantism.
It is the refuge to which they have appealed ever since. Once we have made this acceptance we are obliged, and obliged by our conscience, to follow the authoritative guidance that comes from these sources. Quite apart from the theological errors to which the dissentients appealed, the orchestrated objection to the encyclical followed inevitably upon the disciplinary errors in the conduct of the Council. Again, there is a measure of justice in this attitude.
As the failure of a father to exercise discipline over his children provides bad example and leads to disorder in his family, so did the failures of John XXIII and Paul VI lead to disorder in the family of the Church. But, once again, Dr McInerny is relying on his presupposition.
If Vatican II produced teachings that contradicted what the Church had previously taught, there had to be something wrong with it. While Archbishop Lefebvre made a grave error in consecrating bishops without a papal mandate, on this issue he was right. Dr McInerny refers in the fifth chapter of his book to the dilatoriness of the Vatican in addressing the dissent that followed the Council—. It became institutionalized.
What went wrong with Vatican II : the Catholic crisis explained
But he does not ask why this occurred, or why in it was continuing. The refusal to act, and the dilatoriness which has characterised any action since, was and is a manifestation of the problem. Dr McInerny refers to the publication of The Ratzinger Report in and the holding of the Second Extraordinary Synod of Bishops the same year, as marking some sort of watershed. Indeed good effects flowed, for seven years later there resulted the Catechism of the Catholic Church. But the watershed that will enable the Church to return to her former vigour is still to be reached, let alone crossed.
At the heart of the business is the charism of extraordinary infallibility attending such a council. There can be only one justification for the existence of such a gratia gratis datae , the need to determine some issue essential to the Catholic faith. The end in an ecumenical council comes first: it is the cause, not some incidental side effect.
To understand this, we must first discuss infallibility. She is also, for the same reason, indefectible; the spotless Bride of Christ. The Pope, or the Pope and bishops together in Council, are infallible not by nature, as is the Church, but by participation. To put the matter in another way, the Church is infallible by essence , the Pope and the bishops by accident , the accident of their being called to serve the Church at this time and in this place.
An ecumenical or general council of the Catholic Church is comprised, as is every other element of reality, of two principles, one indeterminate, one determinate, called respectively, matter and form. The form , that which makes the gathering an ecumenical council that constitutes its essence , is the end or purpose that the bishops should with the Pope address an issue, or issues, whose determination is essential to the Catholic faith. This end embraces the liberty and advancement of the Church founded by Jesus Christ in the exercise of its office to secure the salvation of all men.
The end comes first; the means to the end, the council, is determined by it: finality determines formality. Pope Pius IX, in his address opening the first Vatican Council in , included the following criteria among the issues which might precipitate the calling of an ecumenical council—.
Set out in the Appendix to this paper is a list of the twenty Ecumenical Councils of the Church prior to Vatican II with the reasons for their convocation, showing that each of them conformed to this end. Here is a clear admission that there was no issue essential to the Catholic faith for the bishops to determine. But the Church had no such need. Because the Church is timeless: she exists that men, caught up in time, may be incorporated into eternity.
With Vatican II the ordination which had marked each of the previous twenty ecumenical councils was reversed: instead of the resolution of an issue giving legitimacy to a council, a council resolved to give legitimacy to an issue. Or, to put it more bluntly, instead of the resolution of a doctrinal issue giving legitimacy to the Second Vatican Council, the Second Vatican Council resolved to give legitimacy to a secular issue.
Notwithstanding the intentions and expressions of Pope John XXIII and of his successor, Paul VI; notwithstanding the expectations of the bishops who took part in it, and the belief of the Catholic faithful; the Second Vatican Council was not an ecumenical council of the Catholic Church. Yet the bishops retained their ordinary infallibility when they taught in union with the Pope.